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Famous Paintings Reviewed

Famous Paintings at the Louvre Museum

Posted by Susan Benford

 Off to see famous artwork at the Louvre Museum?

louvre-art-museumYou're not alone.  The Louvre once again is the world's most frequently visited art museum, tallying some 8.6 million visitors in 2015.

With that much traffic and some of the most famous artwork in the world, this art museum can easily overwhelm.   Use this itinerary to ensure you don't seeing any of its masterpieces.

Scouring nearly 17,000 pages of art history books, Masterpiece Cards researched which art paintings are most often cited. We culled the top 250; got art historians to introduce them with short art essays; added reproductions; and packed it all onto portable art history flashcards called 250 Masterpieces in Western Painting

Based on research from forty art historians, these are famous paintings not to miss in the Louvre Museum (ones in bold are included in Masterpiece Cards):

  • Angelico, Fra. The Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1430 - 32
  • Boucher, François. Diana Resting after Her Bath, 1742
  • Brueghel, Jan. The Battle at Issus, 1602
  • Brueghel, Pieter The Elder. The Beggars, 1568
  • Chardin, Jean-Baptiste Siméon. The Return from Market, 1739 (right)
  • Clouet, Jean. Portrait of Francis I, 1525-1530
  • Corot, Jean-Baptiste-Camille. Woman in Blue, 1874
  • Correggio. Venus, Satyr, and Cupid (erroneously called The Sleep of Antiope), ca.1524 - 25
  • Cranach, Lucas. Venus Standing in a Landscape, 1529.  Read about the Louvre's recent purchase of The Three Graces by Cranach.
  • David, Gerard. The Marriage Feast at Cana, ca. 1511
art paintings oath of the horatii
  • David, Jacques-Louis. The Sabine Woman, 1799
  • Delacroix, Eugène. Women of Algiers, 1834;  The Massacre at Chios, 1824; and one of his most famous paintings, Liberty Leading the People, 1830. 
  • Delacroix, Eugène. Death of Sardanapalus, 1827-28
  • Delacroix, Eugène. The Bark of Dante (Dante and Virgil in Hell), 1822
  • Géricault, Theodore. Mounted Officer of the Imperial Guard, 1812
  • gericault raft of medusaGéricault, Theodore. Raft of the "Medusa", 1818 – 1819 (left).
  • Géricault, Theodore. The Madwoman, ca. 1822
  • Greuze, Jean-Baptiste. L'Accordee du Village (The Village Betrothal), 1761
  • Gros, Antoine-Jean. Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804.  Learn how this propagandist work was used to promote Napoleon's humanitarian side, even though in this work, he "cares" for troops he actually poisoned!
  • Holbein, Hans. Erasmus, 1523 
  • Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Oedipus and the Sphinx, 1808.  Below. Explore other famous artwork by Ingres.
famous paintings oedipus and sphinx
  • Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. The Turkish Bath, 1862 and Grande Odalisque, 1814. Learn about Ingres, one of the most famous painters in the first half of the 19th century. 
  • Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Valpincon Bather, 1808
  • Jordaens, Jacob. The Four Evangelists, ca.1625
  • La Tour, Georges de. Joseph the Carpenter, ca. 1642
  • Le Nain, Louis. La Charette (The Cart)
  • leonardo madonna and child st. anneLeonardo da Vinci. Madonna and Child with Saint Anne, ca. 1503 - 1506. (right). Explore more Leonardo paintings

Read about a Leonardo da Vinci painting authenticated in 2011. 

And... explore the alleged "earlier" version of Mona Lisa, announced in 2013.

  • Leonardo da Vinci. The Virgin of the Rocks, ca.1485.  Right.
  • Leonardo da Vinci. The Mona Lisa, ca. 1505. 
  • Mantegna, Andrea. Calvary, 1456 – 1459.  Read about Dead Christ, another Mantegna masterpiece. 
  • Memling, Hans. Portrait of an Old Woman, ca. 1470-1475
  • Metsys, Quentin. The Banker and His Wife, 1514
  • Poussin, Nicolas. Echo and Narcissus, ca. 1627 - 1628.
  • prudhon empress josephine resized 600Prud'Hon, Pierre-Paul. Empress Josephine, 1805.  Left.
  • Quarton, Enguerrand. Pieta of Avignon, ca. 1450
  • Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). The Virgin and Child with St. John the Baptist, 1507.  Discover one of the most beloved Raphael paintings, Sistine Madonna
  • Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). Baldassare Castiglione, ca.1514
  • Rembrandt. The Flayed Ox, 1655.  Read the fascinating history behind Rembrandt's Night Watch.  And then watch The Best Renactment of a painting ever made, the Night Watch video that the Rijksmuseum made to announce its opening. 
  • Rembrandt. Supper at Emmaus, 1648.  Discover the Rembrandt paintings in the Rijksmuseum, the world's largest collection.
  • Renoir, Pierre-Auguste. Le Moulin de la Galette, 1876
  • Ribera, Jusepe de. The Boy with the Clubfoot, 1642
  • riguard louis xivRigaud, Hyacinthe. Portrait of Louis XIV, 1701. Right. He was famously vain about his legs.
  • Rubens, Peter Paul. Disembarkation of Marie de’Medici at the Port of Marseilles on November 3, 1600, 1622 – 1625.  Read about other Rubens paintings!
  • School of Fontainebleau. Gabrielle d'Estrées and One of her Sisters in the Bath, ca. 1594 - 1599
  • School of Fontainebleau. Diana the Huntress, ca. 1550
  • Titian. Man with the Glove, ca. 1520-23.  Delve into the art history behind one of the best Titian paintings. And discover one of the most famous paintings in Boston, Rape of Europa
  • van Dyck, Sir Anthony. Charles I of England, ca. 1635
  • Veronese (Paolo Caliari). The Marriage at Cana, 1562-63
  • Veronese (Paolo Caliari). The Supper at Emmaus, ca. 1559-60

Watteau, Jean-Antoine. Embarkation for Cythera, 1717

NEW: Download this information in the free Famous Paintings in the Louvre ebook - you'll be able these paintings by key information (like artist name, painting title, year created). Plus, you'll have links to insightful blog posts exploring their art history! 

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Famous Painters Blogroll

Anguissola, Three Sisters Playing Chess and Phillip II of Spain

Beckmann, Departure; Self-Portrait in Tuxedo; Sinking of Titanic

Bingham, Fur Traders Descending the Missouri

BonheurPlowing in the Nivernais

Bonheur, The Horse Fair

Botticelli Primavera

Caravaggio, Fashion and Art History

CaravaggioConversion of St. Paul

Caravaggio, Young, Sick Bacchus and Basket of Fruit

Caravaggio, Cardsharps and Fortune Teller

Caravaggio, St. Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy

Caravaggio, Taking of Christ (Kiss of Judas)

Caravaggio Paintings at the Villa Borghese

Cave Paintings

Cezanne, Bathers

Cezanne, Card Players

Cezanne, Most Famous Paintings 

Copley, Paul Revere

David, Death of Marat 

David, Death of Socrates

David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps

de Kooning, Retrospective at MoMA (Part I)

de Kooning,Excavation and Painting, 1948 

de KooningWoman I

Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People  

Diebenkorn, The Ocean Park Series

Duncanson, Robert Seldon.  Art History Welcomes Duncanson 

Durer, The Four Apostles

El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz

FontanaPortrait of a Noblewoman

Frankenthaler, Color Field Painting and Mountains and Sea

Gainsborough, The Blue Boy

Gentileschi, Artemisia.  Judith Beheading Holofernes

Gentileschi, Artemisia.  Self-Portrait as an Allegory of Painting 

Ghent Altarpiece.  

Ghent Altarpiece via zoom

GiorgioneThree Philosophers 

Goya, Family of Charles IV

Goya, The Third of May 1808 

Goya, Duchess of Alba; Saturn Devouring his Son; Two Old Men; Half-Submerged Dog; Black Paintings

Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece

Hals, Banquet of the Officers of the St. George Civic Guard

Hals, The Laughing Cavalier

Hals, Regents of St. Elizabeth's Hospital

Hopper, Nighthawks

Ingres, Grande Odalisque and Portrait of Madame Moissetier

Isenheim Altarpiece

Kahlo, Renowned Frida Kahlo Paintings.  

Angelica Kauffmann.  Self-Portrait Torn Between Music and Painting and David Garrick.  

Klimt, The Kiss and Adele Bloch-Bauer

Leonardo, Painter at the Court of Milan, National Gallery, London 

Leonardo, La Bella Principessa 

Leonardo, New Mona Lisa

Leonardo, Benois Madonna and Madonna Litta 

Leonardo, Savior of the World(Salvator Mundi) 

Leonardo, The Virgin and Child with St. Anne

Leyster, Famous Female Painters 

ManetA Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Manet, Luncheon in the Studio

Manet, The Old Musician

Manet, Street Singer

MantegnaDead Christ

Matisse Paintings, In Search of True Painting

Matisse, The DanceThe Music

Matisse, The Cone Collection

Matisse, The Red Studio

Matisse, The Yellow Dress

Michelangelo, Crucifixion with the Madonna

Michelangelo, Famous Paintings

Michelangelo, La Pieta with Two Angels (latest attribution?)

Michelangelo, St. John the Baptist Bearing Witness

Modersohn-Becker, Famous Female Painters

Monet, Waterlilies

Morisot, Famous Paintings

MorisotMore Famous Paintings

Munch, The Scream

O'Keeffe, Jack in the Pulpit

Picasso, Girl Before a Mirror

Picasso, Nude, Green Leaves and Bust

Picasso, Portrait of Gertrude Stein

Picasso, Las Meninas

Piero della Francesca, The Baptism of Christ

Poussin, Assumption of the Virgin

Raphael, Sistine Madonna

Rembrandt, Aristotle with a Bust of Homer 

Rembrandt, Night Watch

Rembrandt paintings at Frick Show

Rembrandt, Self-Portrait at an Early AgeJeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem, The Jewish Bride

Rembrandt, The Syndics of the Amsterdam Drapers' Guild

Rubens, Venus and Adonis

Sanchez Cotan, Spanish Still-life

Sargent, El Jaleo

Sargent, Madame X

Steen, The Christening Feast 

Steen paintings at Frick Show

Tanner, The Banjo Lesson and The Thankful Poor

Titian, Assumption of the Virgin

Titian, Bacchus and Ariadne

Titian, Man with a Glove

Titian, Nymph and Shepherd, Allegory of Prudence, Jacopa Strada, St. Jerome, Slaying of Marysas

Titian, Rape of Europa

Turner, J. M. W, The Fighting Temeraire

Uccello, Battle of San Romano

van der Weyden, St. Luke Drawing the Virgin

Velazquez, Pope Innocent X

Vincent van Gogh paintings up to 1889

Vincent van Gogh paintings, 1888-1890

van Eyck, Arnolfini Portrait

van Eyck, Adoration of the Lamb

van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece

van Gogh, The Potato Eaters

van GoghMemory of Garden at Etten; Tatched Cottages; White House

van Gogh,  Portrait of Madam Trabuc; Morning: Going Out

van Gogh, Starry Night

Velazquez, Juan de Pareja

Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring

Vermeer, Saint Praxedis

Vermeer, The Kitchen Maid

Vermeer, The Allegory of Painting

VermeerGirl with the Red Hat

Warhol, Campbell's Soup Cans

Warhol, Marilyn Diptych and Gold Marilyn 

Warhol, Mao 

Anders Zorn

Famous Paintings by Art Museums - ebooks

Learn about famous paintings to see in these art museums:

Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY). One of those intimate, small art museums with a stellar collectionFamous Paintings at Albright-Knox. 

Art Institute of Chicago: Plan to see these famous paintings at the Art Institute -- and download an ebook about them.

Louvre Museum, (Paris): one of the largest art museums in the world! Know which Louvre paintings not to miss in this sortable ebook. 

Mauritshuis Museum: explore works by renowned Dutch painters

Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City): download the ebook, Famous-Paintings-Metropolitan-Museum, to learn its must-see masterpieces.

National Gallery (London): with 2300 famous paintings alone in its European painting section, discover highlights to see!  Art Paintings to See at the National Gallery.

Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam): 10 famous paintings not to miss

Washington, D.C. Art Museums: Explore forty famous paintings in Washington, DC in this article.

Most Popular Posts

Michelangelo PaintingsThe Torment of Saint Anthony; The Manchester Madonna;Holy Family (Doni Tondo); and Entombment

Cave Paintings: explore this prehistoric art in Spain and France.

Picasso's Las Meninas: 58 Picasso paintings inspired by Velazquez's Las Meninas

Ghent Altarpiece: the van Eyck masterpiece, one of the most famous artworks ever made. 

Survey of Renaissance Paintings: want to know what Renaissance paintings were all about? Start with 20 of its most famous painters in this sweeping survey! 

Discover more of readers' favorite art history blog posts. 

Female Artists

While we long for the time when artists are artists and genderless, that time isn't yet here.

These are a few of the female artists who've left lasting legacies in the history of painting:

Sofonisba AnguissolaThree Sisters Playing ChessPhillip II of Spain

Rosa Bonheur.  Plowing in the Nivernais.  Horse Fair.

Lavinia Fontana. Portrait of a Noblewoman.

Helen Frankenthaler. Color Field Painting and Mountains and Sea. 

Artemisia Gentileschi.  Judith Beheading Holofernes.  Self-Portrait as an Allegory of Painting.

Frida Kahlo.  Frida and Diego Rivera.  The Two Fridas.  The Love Embrace of the Universe. 

Angelica Kauffmann.  Self-Portrait Torn Between Music and Painting.  David Garrick.

Judith Leyster.  Self-Portrait.  The Proposition. 

Paula Modersohn-Becker. Self-Portrait with an Amber Necklace. Still Life with Goldfish. 

Berthe Morisot.  Refuge in Normandy.  The Cradle. 

Georgia O'Keeffe. Jack in the Pulpit Series. 

Survey of Female Artists

Art History Other

Art History Reading List: 50+ great reads in fiction and non-fiction

Art History Videos on YouTube

Cave Paintings

Most Controversial Paintings

Google Art ProjectArt Museums Up Close

Survey of Female Artists

Survey of Renaissance Paintings.

Art History Beyond Europe

A few forays into art outside Europe:

African Art and Bocio

African Mask of Idia


Japanese Woodblock Prints: The Great Wave

The Terracotta Warriors