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Famous Painters Blogroll

Anguissola, Three Sisters Playing Chess and Phillip II of Spain

Beckmann, Departure; Self-Portrait in Tuxedo; Sinking of Titanic

Bingham, Fur Traders Descending the Missouri

BonheurPlowing in the Nivernais

Bonheur, The Horse Fair

Botticelli Primavera

Caravaggio, Fashion and Art History

CaravaggioConversion of St. Paul

Caravaggio, Young, Sick Bacchus and Basket of Fruit

Caravaggio, Cardsharps and Fortune Teller

Caravaggio, St. Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy

Caravaggio, Taking of Christ (Kiss of Judas)

Caravaggio Paintings at the Villa Borghese

Cave Paintings

Cezanne, Bathers

Cezanne, Card Players

Cezanne, Most Famous Paintings 

Copley, Paul Revere

David, Death of Marat 

David, Death of Socrates

David, Napoleon Crossing the Alps

de Kooning, Retrospective at MoMA (Part I)

de Kooning,Excavation and Painting, 1948 

de KooningWoman I

Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People  

Diebenkorn, The Ocean Park Series

Duncanson, Robert Seldon.  Art History Welcomes Duncanson 

Durer, The Four Apostles

El Greco, Burial of Count Orgaz

FontanaPortrait of a Noblewoman

Frankenthaler, Color Field Painting and Mountains and Sea

Gainsborough, The Blue Boy

Gentileschi, Artemisia.  Judith Beheading Holofernes

Gentileschi, Artemisia.  Self-Portrait as an Allegory of Painting 

Ghent Altarpiece.  

Ghent Altarpiece via zoom

GiorgioneThree Philosophers 

Goya, Family of Charles IV

Goya, The Third of May 1808 

Goya, Duchess of Alba; Saturn Devouring his Son; Two Old Men; Half-Submerged Dog; Black Paintings

Grunewald, Isenheim Altarpiece

Hals, Banquet of the Officers of the St. George Civic Guard

Hals, The Laughing Cavalier

Hals, Regents of St. Elizabeth's Hospital

Hopper, Nighthawks

Ingres, Grande Odalisque and Portrait of Madame Moissetier

Isenheim Altarpiece

Kahlo, Renowned Frida Kahlo Paintings.  

Angelica Kauffmann.  Self-Portrait Torn Between Music and Painting and David Garrick.  

Klimt, The Kiss and Adele Bloch-Bauer

Leonardo, Painter at the Court of Milan, National Gallery, London 

Leonardo, La Bella Principessa 

Leonardo, New Mona Lisa

Leonardo, Benois Madonna and Madonna Litta 

Leonardo, Savior of the World(Salvator Mundi) 

Leonardo, The Virgin and Child with St. Anne

Leyster, Famous Female Painters 

ManetA Bar at the Folies-Bergere

Manet, Luncheon in the Studio

Manet, The Old Musician

Manet, Street Singer

MantegnaDead Christ

Matisse Paintings, In Search of True Painting

Matisse, The DanceThe Music

Matisse, The Cone Collection

Matisse, The Red Studio

Matisse, The Yellow Dress

Michelangelo, Crucifixion with the Madonna

Michelangelo, Famous Paintings

Michelangelo, La Pieta with Two Angels (latest attribution?)

Michelangelo, St. John the Baptist Bearing Witness

Modersohn-Becker, Famous Female Painters

Monet, Waterlilies

Morisot, Famous Paintings

MorisotMore Famous Paintings

Munch, The Scream

O'Keeffe, Jack in the Pulpit

Picasso, Girl Before a Mirror

Picasso, Nude, Green Leaves and Bust

Picasso, Portrait of Gertrude Stein

Picasso, Las Meninas

Piero della Francesca, The Baptism of Christ

Poussin, Assumption of the Virgin

Raphael, Sistine Madonna

Rembrandt, Aristotle with a Bust of Homer 

Rembrandt, Night Watch

Rembrandt paintings at Frick Show

Rembrandt, Self-Portrait at an Early AgeJeremiah Lamenting the Destruction of Jerusalem, The Jewish Bride

Rembrandt, The Syndics of the Amsterdam Drapers' Guild

Rubens, Venus and Adonis

Sanchez Cotan, Spanish Still-life

Sargent, El Jaleo

Sargent, Madame X

Steen, The Christening Feast 

Steen paintings at Frick Show

Tanner, The Banjo Lesson and The Thankful Poor

Titian, Assumption of the Virgin

Titian, Bacchus and Ariadne

Titian, Man with a Glove

Titian, Nymph and Shepherd, Allegory of Prudence, Jacopa Strada, St. Jerome, Slaying of Marysas

Titian, Rape of Europa

Turner, J. M. W, The Fighting Temeraire

Uccello, Battle of San Romano

van der Weyden, St. Luke Drawing the Virgin

Velazquez, Pope Innocent X

Vincent van Gogh paintings up to 1889

Vincent van Gogh paintings, 1888-1890

van Eyck, Arnolfini Portrait

van Eyck, Adoration of the Lamb

van Eyck, Ghent Altarpiece

van Gogh, The Potato Eaters

van GoghMemory of Garden at Etten; Tatched Cottages; White House

van Gogh,  Portrait of Madam Trabuc; Morning: Going Out

van Gogh, Starry Night

Velazquez, Juan de Pareja

Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring

Vermeer, Saint Praxedis

Vermeer, The Kitchen Maid

Vermeer, The Allegory of Painting

VermeerGirl with the Red Hat

Warhol, Campbell's Soup Cans

Warhol, Marilyn Diptych and Gold Marilyn 

Warhol, Mao 

Anders Zorn

Famous Paintings by Art Museums - ebooks

Learn about famous paintings to see in these art museums:

Albright-Knox Art Gallery (Buffalo, NY). One of those intimate, small art museums with a stellar collectionFamous Paintings at Albright-Knox. 

Art Institute of Chicago: Plan to see these famous paintings at the Art Institute -- and download an ebook about them.

Louvre Museum, (Paris): one of the largest art museums in the world! Know which Louvre paintings not to miss in this sortable ebook. 

Mauritshuis Museum: explore works by renowned Dutch painters

Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York City): download the ebook, Famous-Paintings-Metropolitan-Museum, to learn its must-see masterpieces.

National Gallery (London): with 2300 famous paintings alone in its European painting section, discover highlights to see!  Art Paintings to See at the National Gallery.

Rijksmuseum (Amsterdam): 10 famous paintings not to miss

Washington, D.C. Art Museums: Explore forty famous paintings in Washington, DC in this article.

Most Popular Posts

Michelangelo PaintingsThe Torment of Saint Anthony; The Manchester Madonna;Holy Family (Doni Tondo); and Entombment

Cave Paintings: explore this prehistoric art in Spain and France.

Picasso's Las Meninas: 58 Picasso paintings inspired by Velazquez's Las Meninas

Ghent Altarpiece: the van Eyck masterpiece, one of the most famous artworks ever made. 

Survey of Renaissance Paintings: want to know what Renaissance paintings were all about? Start with 20 of its most famous painters in this sweeping survey! 

Discover more of readers' favorite art history blog posts. 

Female Artists

While we long for the time when artists are artists and genderless, that time isn't yet here.

These are a few of the female artists who've left lasting legacies in the history of painting:

Sofonisba AnguissolaThree Sisters Playing ChessPhillip II of Spain

Rosa Bonheur.  Plowing in the Nivernais.  Horse Fair.

Lavinia Fontana. Portrait of a Noblewoman.

Helen Frankenthaler. Color Field Painting and Mountains and Sea. 

Artemisia Gentileschi.  Judith Beheading Holofernes.  Self-Portrait as an Allegory of Painting.

Frida Kahlo.  Frida and Diego Rivera.  The Two Fridas.  The Love Embrace of the Universe. 

Angelica Kauffmann.  Self-Portrait Torn Between Music and Painting.  David Garrick.

Judith Leyster.  Self-Portrait.  The Proposition. 

Paula Modersohn-Becker. Self-Portrait with an Amber Necklace. Still Life with Goldfish. 

Berthe Morisot.  Refuge in Normandy.  The Cradle. 

Georgia O'Keeffe. Jack in the Pulpit Series. 

Survey of Female Artists

Art History Other

Art History Blogs

ArtDaily: daily breaking news about art museums and art history.

Art Blog by Bob: this brilliant art history blogger of Picture This on Big Think.

Art History Resources. Unwieldly but informative.

Marisol Roman.  A Spanish art history blog.

Mother of all Art & Art History Links: extensive list of online art history resources (including images, research resources, and art history depts.)

smARThistory. Think online art history textbook.  Brilliant. 

Art History Beyond Europe

Famous Paintings ebook

This free ebook has a wealth of facts and articles about the 250 influential paintings in Masterpiece Cards.

Did we mention it's free?

Famous Paintings Reviewed

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Art History Beyond Europe: Coatlicue

  
  
  

An art history blog post from Famous Paintings Reviewed.

Art history beyond the European tradition expanded drastically around the year 1500, an era of European expansion and exploration.  Vasco da Gama sailed around Africa to India in 1497; Christopher Columbus (inadvertently) discovered and claimed Central America for Spain during his 1492-1504 voyage; and the first circumnavigation of the world was made in 1519-1522.

In 1500, the Aztecs (or Mexica, as they called themselves) dominated central Mexico with an astonishingly accomplished coatlicuesociety.  Tenochtitlan, site of present day Mexico City, was founded in 1325 and became the wealthiest and largest city on the American continent, housing up to 250,000 people at the height of its prosperity; its citizens were accomplished in astronomy, cosmology, architecture, and painting.  It was into this highly evolved society that Hernan Cortes marched in 1519.

Coatlicue. Circa 1487-1520.  Stone, height 11'4".  Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico City.

I'm not aware of art history records indicating whether Cortes saw the imposing figure of Coatlicue, the Mexica goddess of life and death and an icon of Aztec art.

But could he have missed "She of the Serpent Skirt"? She loomed at a height of 11 feet 4 inches at the main Tenochtitlan main temple. According to Aztec legend, Coatlicue was decapitated by jealous offspring while she gave birth to Huitzlopochtli, the Aztec national god.  She is adorned with a necklace of human hearts and hands with a skull pendant, hanging above her skirt of woven snakes.  With clawed feet and fangs protruding from her elbows, Coatlicue was nothing short of terrifying -- and not just then.  She is a poignant reminder that the value of famous artwork is a function of the context in which it is both made and seen.

durer self portraitAlthough the Spanish destroyed most Aztec art during their conquest of 1519, Coatlicue was buried instead, as if the Spaniards feared desecrating such a formidable religious icon.  Placed at the site where the Cathedral of Mexico was constructed in 1522, she was rediscovered in the late 18th century, only to be re-buried yet again -- Coatlicue was too vivid a reminder of the 'pagan' history the Church wished to repress, so this imposing symbol of Aztec art and culture was again buried.

Albrecht Durer, Self-Portrait.  Oil on panel, 1500.  26 1/4" by 19 1/4".  Alte Pinakothek, Munich.

Roughly 200 years later, Coatlicue was transformed into an icon of Mexicanidad, a pro-native movement associated with the 1910-1920 Mexican Revolution (and with such famous painters as Frida Kahlo).  Now proudly displayed at the National Museum in Mexico City, this statue remains a powerful reminder not only of the beauty of Aztec art, but also of the impact on art (and art history) of political, religious and social contexts, including perceived social status – Cortes' world view of European dominance and superiority, reinforced by the ease with which the Spaniards overtook Peru and Mexico, surely facilitated destruction of so much Aztec artwork.

Cortes sent some looted goods home to the Queen and her son, Charles V, who displayed them in Brussels. Although few viewers valued the artistry of these extraordinary treasures, one notable exception is the famous Renaissance painter and etcher, Albrecht Durer (whose Four Apostles, recently reviewed here, was made in the same timeframe).  He wrote:

All the days of my life I have seen nothing that has gladdened my heart so much as these things, for I saw amongst them wonderful works of art, and I marveled at the subtle ingenia of men in foreign lands.

And perhaps that’s another lesson of art history – brilliant artists like Durer find inspiration and beauty where it exists, irrespective of social and cultural norms.

QUESTIONS: Are there famous paintings which have also been worshipped, reviled, and worshipped again like Coatlicue? Which other famous painters have searched beyond their cultures for inspiration from unknown ones (van Gogh and woodblock prints, for starters!)?

 

 






Comments

This is GREAT! I was trying to figure out how to fit Aztec Art into the AP Art History curriculum and love your tie-in with Durer. 
 
thanks, diane
Posted @ Tuesday, November 30, 2010 12:33 PM by diane
David, 
So glad you are enjoying the posts and that your students love using Masterpiece Cards to review!  
 
Here's a link to ways AP Art History teachers are using the Cards with students: 
http://www.themasterpiececards.com/resources/masterpiece-cards-in-the-classroom-0/ 
 
Thanks, 
 
Susan
Posted @ Tuesday, November 30, 2010 5:26 PM by Susan Benford
Diane, 
 
I, too, LOVED finding that connection between Durer and Aztec art -- if you see any Aztec influences in Durer's later works, please share them!
Posted @ Tuesday, November 30, 2010 5:29 PM by Susan Benford
Much like fashion, most art goes through periods of popularity and disfavour, though not always to this degree! Religion is a pretty common reason for art to fall out of favor, and of course the Protestant Reformers were famous for their iconoclastic tendencies. It's sad to think how much great art from the past has been lost to the tumultuous tides of religious fervor! Thank you for submitting this post to the Art History Carnival. It will be included in our upcoming December edition.
Posted @ Tuesday, November 30, 2010 5:34 PM by Margaret
Margaret, 
 
I spent hours in the Mesoamerica exhibit in the new wing of Boston's Museum of Fine Arts, and was reminded, as you say, that SO much art has been lost due to changing religious preferences... 
 
Thanks for your great work with The Earthly Paradise (http://www.theearthlyparadise.com/)and for orchestrating the monthly Art History Carnival -- it's brilliant! 
 
Susan 
 
Posted @ Wednesday, December 01, 2010 12:32 PM by Susan Benford
I would love to know if anyone can state that Durer's work was influenced (and how) by seeing these works.
Posted @ Thursday, December 02, 2010 9:11 PM by Brent Maxwell
Brent, 
I concur -- I'll poke around a bit for an answer, and share any interesting finds. 
 
Susan
Posted @ Friday, December 03, 2010 12:42 PM by Susan Benford
It is nice to read what the artists thought about art made by "men in foreign lands." Impressive sculpture.
Posted @ Monday, December 06, 2010 7:59 AM by Beth Bachusss
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